The transport network of Mississippi

One of the reasons why for so long Mississippi has been one of the poorest States in America has been as a result of its poor transport network. This has hindered transport both within the State and also from the rest of the country and much has done recently to try and make the area more accessible.  The reason why the region has had such poor networks for so long has been due to a variety of reasons. Firstly a lot of the land in the area is marsh so each transport route-way costs a great deal of money to complete. Mississippi is not the richest State and has spent much of its money trying to deal with the flood problems that have regularly arisen. Large areas of the State have been owned by large cotton farmers. They have simply not allowed new roads to be built through their fields and their strong opposition has succeeded in certain roads not getting the necessary permission needed to be built. The State now has 9 interstate highways, 14 main US routes and a number of other state highways running through the region. This has now put the region in closer contact with neighboring Southern States plus the major interstate highways such as the I-55 runs as far north as Chicago. The linking between the roads has made the remoter parts of the region easier to get to.

The two bridges at Vicksburg

Construction of these roads has meant that major bridges have been built to cross the areas many water ways. The Vicksburg Bridge at Vicksburg carries both the I-20 and US-80 across the Mississippi River. There are two bridges standing next to each other as the original bridge was replaced with a stronger version in 1973. The region is now served by both freight and passenger rail services. Of the seven railroad companies that serve the country in transporting freight, five operate in Mississippi. This is vital for the State’s economy as the country is so large that the cheapest way to transport heavy goods nationally is by train. Passengers are also able to use the rail road system. The Amtrak route enables passengers to travel as far north as New York City and there is also the City of New Orleans service which enables people to get to the other southern states plus Chicago.

 

The region is now served by two airports. The Jackson-Evers airport is now a public airport have originally used by military planes. It now provides services to many other of the States in the South of the country. Its most popular routes are to Atlanta Georgia which supports twice as many passengers as any other route. The Gulfport-Biloxi airport is located right on the coast and is used jointly by both military and civil aircraft. This is not as large as the airport at Jackson with most flights being of a local nature although it has gained increasing importance in transporting cargo into the area. Cargo is also transported along the region’s water ways. The two Ocean ports of Pascagoula and Gulfport enables cargo to be transported around the world via the Gulf of Mexico. They also access the region’s rivers so that cargo can be transported inland.

The Jackson-Evers Airport

The Mississippi River is so busy that it has ports at Vicksburg, Greenville and Rosedale. The Gulf Intracoastal Waterway stretches from Florida to Texas with massive water barges operating up and down the waterway. The Pearl River also offers route-ways for cargo traffic.The state is now finding ways that it can utilize the Mississippi and its feeder rivers. Water transport is still the cheapest option especially when transporting heavy cargo. The development of successful industrial areas around the State’s ports just shows the economic benefits that careful management of the river will bring.

 

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