One Mississippi, Two Mississippi – Who, Why and How?

The now-famous state of Mississippi is well known for hosting multiple different ancient cultures. Some of these cultures include the mover builders and the Mississippian culture. Unfortunately, over time, these cultures faded away, and countless native American tribes and cultures occupied the land. Proof of Native Americans inhabiting the land was given when Europeans traveled to Mississippi. The most dominant tribes in this ancient state are the Chickasaw, Choctaw, and the Natchez. These tribes consisted mainly of fisherman and farmers. While others had other jobs, most of the tribes in ancient Mississippi spoke mugenese, a language common in old Mississippi.

The Arrival

The arrival of the Europeans is what led the native American tribes to be discovered. There were many individuals who each claimed the land and naming it after the conquering country. The first to do so was explorer Hernando de Soto, who was the first ever person to land on the area. He named the state for Spain. The next person who named the state for another country was explorer La Salle, who again discovered areas around the state almost a hundred years after the first, he named the state for France. However, during this time, Mississippi was considered a large part of another state known as Louisiana.


Fort Maurepas was the first and earliest permanent European settlement. It was established by a Frenchman who was known as Pierre D’Iberville in 1699. The French continuously built and expanded this territory, until they eventually created the LeFleur’s Buff. In modern times the location in which LeFleur’s Buff would be located Is now known as the city of Jackson.

Slavery in Mississippi

After changing hands constantly during wars, Mississippi found itself moving from French to American hands. It was then later changed during the era of cotton plantations. In the 1800s due to the rise in cotton plantations, the state purchased countless slaves from Africa to complete days of labor. The population of slaves was so vast that it outnumbered the famous free citizens by at least 55%.

The Civil War

The civil war that engulfed the state was so vast and significant that it was presumably one of the worst things that have ever occurred in the state of Mississippi. The war began when cotton plantation owners learned that slavery was banned in the northern countries. This is because they believed that slaves were needed to make the money that they also needed. When Abraham Lincoln became president, the civil war began causing catastrophic changes to the society and Mississippi was one joined the Confederacy. They were also the second state to leave the Confederacy officially. Many Mississippian soldiers entered the war, and the entire result of the war depended on one battle. This battle was known as the Battle of Vicksburg, which was supposedly the most crucial battle in Mississippi. After defeating the Confederates, the general, Ulysses S. Grant, finally took control of the Mississippi River and allowing the state to become part of the union once more.